Fallen Arches Barrow-in-Furness

Some residential designers and builders in Barrow-in-Furness have failed to recognize that all brick arches are structural masonry and must be designed according to structural principals.

Handyman
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10 Leopard Street
Barrow in Furness
 
K C Building Contractors
01229 839026
4 Gainsbourgh Place
Barrow in Furness
 
Marlon
01229 838916
38 Derry Street
Barrow in Furness
 
Bryn Clark Building And Roofing
01229 825555
Daveys Yard
Barrow in Furness
 
Allied Claims Ltd
01229 470025
21 The Promenade
Barrow in Furness
 
Brian Mawson
01229 820479
Bouthwood Road
Barrow in Furness
 
Design Crete
01229 822396
12 Longmynd Avenue
Barrow in Furness
 
Leck Construction
01229 820394
Leck Road
Barrow in Furness
 
Leck Construction
01229 820394
Leck House
Barrow in Furness
 
Lavender & Wood
01229 823385
60 Schneider Road
Barrow in Furness
 

Fallen Arches

Provided By:

Source: MASONRY CONSTRUCTION MAGAZINE
Publication date: October 1, 1995

By William G. Bailey

Abstract:

Some residential designers and builders have failed to recognize that all brick arches are structural masonry and must be designed according to structural principals.

Arch Types and Terms
The types of arches most commonly used in residential construction are: jack, segmental, semicircular, and parabolic. Arches typically are classified as "minor" or "major." Minor arches are used to span openings of up to 6 feet and support vertical loads of less than 1,000 pounds per lineal foot. Major arches are those that span more than 6 feet and can support vertical loads greater than 1,000 pounds per lineal foot.

Thrust Loads
Although they carry loads in compression, masonry arches impart horizontal thrust loads at each end or "skewback." The abutments at each side of an arch must be strong enough to resist these loads. Most problems occur in arches that frame into columns. In residential construction arches frame into a column that often consists of a 4x4-inch wood member. Brick are laid merely to enclose the wood column. Such hollow brick columns offer little or no resistance to thrust loads. Various methods can be used to resist thrust loads. When feasible, avoid framing arches into columns and instead place arched openings in walls. Alternatively, increase the strength of columns by increasing their cross section and adding reinforcing steel and grout.

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